Objectives

Subproject 1: Adriano y la integración de la diversidad regional

  • Hadrian and his close relationship with Hellenism
    1. Critically translate, edit, and comment on imperial letters and other documents related to direct communication between Hadrian and different cities of the Empire.
    2. Analyse how an “Imperial Hellenism” was constructed through a process of either adopting or discarding cultural traditions, according to their usefulness or opposition to the Empire.
    3. Study the importance of the agon inside the Hadrianic political project and its constitution, especially from Hadrian’s actions as a binding element of the Roman civilization.
    4. Identify and study the diverse formulae of relationship and actuation established between the Emperor and the civic religion in Greek cities, as well as the religious response of the municipal elites.

  • Hadrian’s fascination with Egypt and the spread of Egyptian cults throughout the Empire.
    1. Analyse the participation of Hadrian and his closest circle in the popularisation of motives and ideas from Egypt.
    2. Analyse the relationship between the Imperial initiative to enlarge Italica and the interests of local aristocracies, in the frame of the construction of the Iseum in Italica.
    3. Delve into the archaeological evidence around the Iseum of Italica and its contextualisation in the view of Egyptian cults during the Empire,to form a proposal to place said archaeological evidence into a museum context.

  • Hadrian before Yahweh. Research into the relationship of the Emperor with Jews, Samarians and Christians.
    1. Analyse the generation of conflicts raised by the cultural redefinition introduced by Hadrian and, thus, the alteration or confirmation of preexisting political relationships, especially in the case of the Jewish wars.
    2. Analyse the features of the integration process of Samarians and Christians under Hadrian’s rule.
    3. Delve into the attitudes of the Hadrianic Empire towards Jewish and Christian religions, highlighting the favourable later literature toward the Emperor.

  • Italica as ‘Imperial City’
    1. Determine and examine the different aspects of the urbanistic transformation which happened in Italica in the 2nd century, not only in the Hadrianic neighbourhood (today’s Archaeological Site), but also the changes introduced in the old part of the town.
    2. Compare and identify common features between the Hadrianic project in Italica and different Imperial actions in other cities of the Empire, both in the West and in the East, with a special interest in the definitive urbanistic appearance of the new Roman identity, promoted by the Emperor’s action.
    3. Describe and justify the militaristic element as a defining feature of Italica, essential to its funding, survival and promotion of its citizens in the Empire.

Subproject 2: La construcción de la imagen de los primeros emperadores hispanos (ss. XV-XX). Un análisis historiográfico de la interpretación de la diversidad

  • Select documents, pictures and audiovisual materials related to the archaeological sphere, referencing the first Hispanian emperors between the 15th and 20th centuries.
  • Create a corpus of historiographical reference texts, containing narrative exemplars’ writings on the Roman Empire, aiming to define those exemplars of the Antonine dinasty in Western historiographical tradition.
  • Analyse the evolution of reception and transmission of the archaeological legacy of Hispanian emperors in key works in the History of Archaeology.
  • Produce a historiographical analysis of the political and cultural use made of those archaeological remains, as well as any possible accomplished transference between authors, archaeologists and institutions.
  • Analyse and study works produced in Hispanic kingdoms in the Middle Ages (specifically, the 13th-15th centuries) to know how Trajan, Hadrian and their family members were perceived in the 15th century.
  • Analyse and study the interpretations of the principates of the Hispanic emperors in gathered documents between the 15th and 20th centuries, especially in their political and cultural purpose.
  • Produce a cultural and historiographical study of the principate of the first Hispanic emperors according to the diversity issue they introduced into the Empire as a result of their origins and their own religious, political and cultural preferences.
  • Connect scientific perspectives used in the historiographical discourse about the 2nd century to Western political and historic contexts between the 15th and 20th centuries.